Amanita Muscaria, commonly known as the Fly Agaric or Fly Amanita, is a Basidiomycete of the genus Amanita. This picturesque mushroom contains Muscimol (also known as agarin or pantherine) is one of the principal psychoactive constituents of Amanita Muscaria and related species of mushroom. Muscimol is a potent and selective orthosteric agonist for the GABA A receptors and displays sedative-hypnotic, depressant and hallucinogenic psychoactive properties.
Native throughout the temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere, Amanita Muscaria has been introduced to many countries in the Southern Hemisphere, generally as a symbiont with pine and birch plantations, and is now a true cosmopolitan species. It is associated with various deciduous and coniferous trees.
Arguably the most iconic toadstool species, the Fly Agaric is large, white-gilled, white-spotted, normally red mushroom, and is one of the most recognizable and widely encountered in popular culture. The extensive use of Amanita Muscaria in the Mario Franchise and its Super Mushroom Power-Up along with the houses in The Smurfs Franchise, makes this mushroom a Star on TV.
Despite its easily distinguishable features, Amanita Muscaria is a fungus with several known variations, or subspecies. These subspecies are slightly different, some having yellow or white caps, but they are all usually called Fly Agarics, and they are most of the time recognizable by their notable white spots. Recent DNA fungi research, however, has shown that some of these variations are not the same species at all!
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- Kingdom: Fungi
- Division: Basidiomycota
- Class: Agaricomycetes
- Order: Agaricales
- Family: Amanitaceae
- Genus: Amanita
- Species: A. muscaria
The primary psychoactive compounds in Amanita muscaria are muscimol and ibotenic acid. Muscimol is a potent GABA agonist, which can produce both inhibitory and excitatory effects on the brain. Ibotenic acid is a weaker GABA agonist, but can also produce psychoactive effects when consumed in sufficient quantities. The mushroom also contains a number of other compounds, including various amino acids, polysaccharides, and trace minerals.
Amanita muscaria has a cap that is typically 5-20 cm in diameter, with a stem that can grow up to 20 cm tall. The cap is usually bright red, but can also be orange or yellow, and is often covered in small white warts or bumps. The gills are white, and the stem is white or yellowish. The mushroom has a distinctive smell that is often described as earthy or musty.
Amanita muscaria is typically found growing in association with trees, especially birch and pine. It can also be found in grassy areas or near roadsides. It is found throughout the temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere, and is particularly common in Europe, Asia, and North America.
- One (1) 10cc BD Luer-Lock Syringe filled with Liquid Culture
- One (1) Sterile 16 Gauge Needle
- One (1) Alcohol Prep Pad
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